Equal Opportunity is the Law


This is the only book on the market that focuses on discrimination complaint investigations in Federally-assisted, public-facing programs and activities! 

Available in paperback and through iPad, Nook, and Kindle

The electronic book is available for $9.99 per copy through iPad, Nook, Kindle, or the publisher at www.outskirtspress.com/civilrights.

Paperback cost: $19.99 per copy. To order the paperback version: 

  • Go to www.outskirtspress.com/civilrights; or
  • Email the author at seena@titleviconsulting.com, and you will receive an invoice by PayPal ($2.50 per book is added for shipping); or
  • Mail a check payable to Title VI Consulting at 107 S. West St., PMB 713, Alexandria, VA 22314.


Five Star Ratings!

Reviewers describe the book as "the most thorough and the best product on the market," "an eye-opening experience," "an excellent reference book," and "an invaluable resource for its target audience of professionals who must respond to complaints of discrimination."   

In 2017, State and local equal opportunity officials stated "I love your book," and the book is "outstanding," "easy to follow," and "extremely useful."

Get this one-of-a-kind book judged by a panel of industry experts as a Finalist in the Business Reference category of The USA "Best Books 2011" Awards, sponsored by USA Book News. The book also received a Bronze Medal in the Government/Politics category (top 5% of over 3,000 entries) for the 2012 International Readers Favorite Book Awards. And, in October 2012, Ms. Foster was announced as a "Finalist of 50 Great Writers You Should Be Reading," presented by The Authors Show. In October 2013, Civil Rights Investigations was Amazon's Featured Title of the Week.  

About the Book 

In Civil Rights Investigations, Ms. Foster assembles a tremendous amount of information, presents it in an organized and easy-to-understand format, and delivers it to you along with practical and useful guidance. Whether you are a novice or expert, this book is a truly exceptional resource that takes you step-by-step through the investigative process. And, the teachings offered are applicable to any discrimination complaint investigation.  

Starting with the basics of knowing whether you have a complaint and authority to investigate it, to navigating more in-depth concepts such as understanding the burdens of the parties, properly framing the issues of an investigation, interviewing witnesses, analyzing conflicting evidence, and writing final determinations, Civil Rights Investigations is with you each step of the way, providing insights, tips, and examples.  

A wide array of discriminatory bases is explored, including race, color, national origin, gender, sexual harassment, religion, disability, political affiliation, citizenship, and age.  And, the book contains sample interrogatories covering numerous adverse actions in government programs such as denial of access, denial of training, denial of services, denial of benefits, and denial of proposals or bids. Other sample interrogatories address adverse actions in the workplace, such as sexual harassment, reasonable accommodation, reasonable modification, retaliation, termination, non-selection, non-promotion, adverse performance appraisals, and damages. Finally, the book contains a jurisdiction checklist as well as templates for every stage of the investigation--from notifying the parties that you do not have jurisdiction to investigate a complaint or notifying the parties you have accepted a complaint for investigation to sample complaint investigation plans and a sample final determination on the merits of a complaint.  

Civil Rights Investigations is packed with useful information, and it serves as a top-of-the-line resource for any public or private sector equal opportunity professional.

Civil Rights Investigations addresses several federal civil rights statutes, including Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Americans With Disabilities Act Amendments of 2008, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975.  Its guidance, however, is useful in any civil rights discrimination investigation, and in developing and implementing preventative measures.  Click the icon below for the "Table of Contents":

The Target Audience

Keep in mind that, if you understand how to process discrimination complaints, including what to look for during an investigation, you will be able to identify and correct problem policies and procedures, or problem behaviors in your organization, in order to stop discrimination before it has a chance to occur! This translates into tremendous time and cost savings for you and for your agency or organization!

Civil Rights Investigations serves as an excellent resource for: 

State and Local WIOA EO Officers; 

Equal Opportunity professionals;
Affirmative Action professionals;
Job Corps professionals;

Unemployment Insurance call center professionals;

One Stop Career Center professionals;
Title VI Coordinators;

Title IX Coordinators;

Human Resource professionals;

Public and private sector legal departments;
Disability specialists; and
Community-based and faith-based organizations conducting federally-funded programs and activities.


Workplace Discrimination

Although Civil Rights Investigations focuses on nondiscrimination in federally-assisted programs and activities, you will find its contents highly useful in your employment practices.  Notably, you will use the same process for investigating and deciding a discrimination complaint.  Examples of adverse actions you typically see (termination, nonselection, nonpromotion, adverse performance appraisal, harassment, hostile environment, reasonable accommodation) are included in this book.

Many of the prohibited "bases" of discrimination in the area of employment practices are covered in this book; namely, race, color, national origin, religion, disability, gender, and age.  Sexual harassment and hostile sexual environment are also discussed in the book.  Additional "bases" of discrimination under federal civil rights laws that you will consider in your employment-related complaints include genetic information and equal compensation. 

You will utilize the same methods of collecting evidence, interviewing witnesses and parties, and analyzing evidence as described in detail in this book.  The burdens of the parties are also the same.  The types of witness statements and documentation you gather will be the same. 

Tailored specifically for civil rights investigations in your employment practices, we have developed a free set of complaint investigation templates for you to download, modify, and use. Whether you work for a state or local government agency, or for a private employer, these templates have been created to help streamline the amount of time you spend generating notices or determinations. The templates start with federal civil rights laws applicable to the workplace.  You will add any state and local civil rights laws that apply to your discrimination complaints.  This is because state and local laws pertaining to civil rights in the workplace vary widely from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. This free packet of templates include the following:  (1) a jurisdiction checklist (to be used in conjunction with material at Chapter III of the book); (2) a "no jurisdiction" notice (to be used in conjunction with material at Chapter IV of the book); (3) complaint investigation plans for both disparate treatment and reasonable accommodation/modification investigations (to be used in conjunction with material at Chapter V of the book); (4) a notice of acceptance of a complaint (to be used in conjunction with material at Chapter VII of the book); and (5) a sample final determination (to be used in conjunction with material at Chapter XIII of the book).  To download and save these templates, click the icon below:

In the end, Civil Rights Investigations offers an exceptional amount of detail and organization designed to make your job easier.  And, our free blog articles (www.titleviconsulting.com/blog) provide additional information designed to supplement the material contained in our book, thus providing you a better understanding of your nondiscrimination and equal opportunity obligations. 

We wish you every success in the important work you do!

Reviews of the Book 

Lisa Connor states:  "You obviously have a passion for your subject matter--you present your findings in a very well-researched, thorough manner. ...  I have to say that you have put together an excellent piece"

Omoye Cooper of Albany, New York states:  "I have worked in the field of Equal Opportunity for over 30 years and have attended numerous trainings on EO investigations.  After attending Seena Foster's Civil Rights Investigations workshop, I can say without a doubt that it is the most thorough and the best product on the market.  Ms. Foster not only gives the technical information, but she also provides step by step guidelines and tools for effective implementation."

"Ms. Foster's workshops and book, "Civil Rights Investigations", are professional resources that are highly recommended for all new and seasoned AA and EEO practitioners.  Utilization of her materials will help new EEO professionals build a solid knowledge base that will make it possible to conduct defendable investigations; and for the veteran practitioners, it will take you to another level.  Outstanding!"

Readers Favorite (5 out of 5 star ratings):

Brenda Ballard states: Discrimination is a very real problem in the work place but what can a person do? Seena K. Foster, author of "Civil Rights Investigations Under the Workforce Investment Act" leads the reader through the law, the process and the various scenarios of the subject. Citing law and providing examples of letters and check lists, information is outlined in concise and understandable terms. The subject matter is broken down into the simplest legal language possible considering the depth and complexity. Believable examples make sense of it all, guiding the reader step by step. 

As anybody knows, legal reading can be dry and confusing. Admittedly, there were a few places I personally had to re-read but that would be attributed to my own lack of experience with the subject. I found the examples very useful and was able to utilize the bullet points and checklists to realize the meaning of it all. It was an eye-opening learning experience to read this book! I never realized how much is involved in filing such a suit, getting an investigation underway, working with both parties, and finding resolution. Businesses should consider having this book in their own library as a reference guide in their personnel department. This work could be used as a stand-alone in training sessions for employees and managements. The tremendous effort the author has put into "Civil Rights Investigations Under the Workforce Investment Act" is immediately evident. Nothing is left to question and, should there be any residual wonder, references can be looked up. Highly recommended! 5 out of 5 stars!  

Lori M. states:  Because I am currently taking a graduate-level Human Resources class in Employment Law, this book about civil rights investigations by Seena K. Foster interested me very much. This would make an excellent reference book for HR managers, lawyers, and anyone involved in employee or labor issues. It is very well-organized and provides just the right amount of information that you need on a number of different topics. Foster, who has a law degree, does a good job making the contents interesting, understandable, and easy to follow. 

There are specific sections defining race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, citizenship, and disability issues in depth so that any reader can understand what constitutes the definition of discrimination against each. Additionally, she takes you through the steps of how to determine whether or not you have a discrimination complaint, a glossary of terms, jurisdiction, and filing the complaint. I like how Foster included easy-to-use checklists throughout the book to graphically depict what she has already told you in the text. It is a good way to help the reader grasp the information provided and double-check the details. This book talks about statutes of limitations and time frames within which a party has to file a complaint, notifying the parties of a complaint, jurisdictional issues, and even alternative dispute resolution topics such as arbitration or mediation. This book is a great toolkit for those interested in employment law matters dealing with civil rights investigations under the workforce investment act and Title VI-related laws.  5 out of 5 stars!        

Alice D. states:  "Civil Rights Investigations Under the Workforce Investment Act and Other Title VI Related Laws" is a book that really needed to be written and now it has been, thank goodness! Author Seena Foster has created a book that focuses on the treatment of individual and class action complaints. From the beginning where she asks the readers to decide whether they have a complaint and whether there is jurisdiction to investigate the complaint, Foster clearly establishes that those pursuing an issue such as discrimination must have merit; in other words, they must have a covered basis such as race, gender and nationality. She is quite clear in insisting that the person charged with the complaint must receive federal funds, and the CP, the charging party, must know how to organize a complaint, how to fill it with statistics and witness information. Then she shows the reader how exactly the CP and the respondent must reply in cases involving such things as employment, hostile work environ ment, and disability. She discusses sexual harassment, especially in the school environment, and writes about the use of mediation in helping parties come to a mutually acceptable solution. Do you think your civil rights have been violated at work? This is the book for you.

"Civil Rights Investigations" is not the type of book that people will grab off bookstore shelves, but they should. Author Seena Foster discusses, clearly and concisely, how the charging party and the respondent should respond in a variety of cases. Chapter after chapter deals with how to handle potential civil rights violations in the workplace and in federally funded programs and activities that have an impact on all of us.  The author states that those filing the complaint must give details like why they were not hired, etc., and those who answer the claim must show the same clarity in their response. Specific and easy to read, this book should be in readers' hands everywhere.  5 out of 5 stars!                                            

Laurie Gray states:  “Civil Rights Investigations under the Workforce Investment Act and Other Title VI-Related Laws from Intake to Final Determination” by Seena K. Foster offers guidance to professionals handling discrimination complaints for governmental agencies and employers that receive federal funding covered by the Workforce Investment Act of 1964. The book focuses on individual and class actions as opposed to third-party complaints, identifying and devoting a chapter to each protected class: race, color, national origin, sex, religion, disability, citizenship, age, political affiliation and belief. The chapters on sexual harassment, religion, and disability are most comprehensive. Foster provides specific examples, sample notices, and clear explanations on how to assess the merit of each complaint, properly frame the issues, develop a Complaint Investigation Plan, and investigate complaints without violating confidentiality policies. She further outlines the relevant burdens of proof and reliability of direct, circumstantial and comparative evidence.  Though not for the average lay person, this book is an invaluable resource for its target audience of professionals who must respond to complaints of discrimination in a timely and consistent manner or risk losing their agencies’ federal funding. Ms. Foster clearly understands complex federal laws and regulations and concisely organizes the information in a user-friendly way, highlighting important deadlines, providing detailed questions to ask complaining parties and respondents, and encouraging professionals to seek competent legal advice when necessary. An introduction, conclusion and biography outlining the author’s credentials would be helpful additions to the next edition of the book. I do hope that Ms. Foster will update this informative guide as the laws continue to evolve.  5 out of 5 stars!     

NOTICE: The opinions expressed during training and in our resources are our own. They do not reflect the views or positions of any federal, state, or local government authority. We do not provide any legal advice regarding specific cases or circumstances pending before any of our customers. Legal advice should be obtained from the civil rights office of the Federal funding agency, or your Equal Opportunity (EO) leadership.